Washington: The Biden administration pledged on Thursday to reduce US greenhouse gas emissions by 50%-52% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. The new goal hopes that this will stimulate other major emitters to increase their ambitions in addressing climate change.
The goal was announced at the beginning of the two-day climate summit hosted by Democratic President Joe Biden, and after former President Donald Trump withdrew from the country’s international efforts, the United States is Seeking to regain global leadership in the fight against global warming. emission.
It also marks an important milestone in Biden s broader plan to decarbonize the U.S. economy entirely by 2050 – an agenda he says can create millions of good-paying jobs but which many Republicans say they fear will damage the economy.
The emissions cuts are expected to come from power plants, automobiles, and other sectors across the economy, but the White House did not set individual targets for those industries.
“No nation can solve this crisis on its own, and this summit is a step on a path to a secure, prosperous, and sustainable future,” Biden said in a tweet minutes before the summit began.
The new U.S. target nearly doubles former President Barack Obama s pledge of emissions cut 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025. Sector-specific goals will be laid out later this year.
As the international community fears that the United States’ commitment to a clean energy economy may be completely transferred from one government to the next, how the United States intends to achieve its climate goals will be critical to consolidating the United States’ credibility in global warming.
Biden’s recently launched $2 trillion infrastructure plan contains many measures that can achieve some of the emissions reduction targets required this decade, including the development of clean energy standards to achieve net zero in the power sector by 2035. Emissions and electrify vehicles.
But these measures need to be passed by Congress before they become a reality.
During the campaign and the first few days of the presidency, Biden focused on restoring the U.S. climate leadership, and climate change skeptic Trump, the Republican Party, excluded the United States from global warming in the Paris Agreement.
The new government is under heavy pressure from environmental protection organizations, some business leaders, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and foreign governments to set a goal to reduce emissions by at least 50% within this decade to encourage other countries to develop their own ambitious Emission targets.
Biden will announce the number at the start of a climate summit on Thursday that will be attended by leaders from the world s biggest emitters, including China.
World leaders aim to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, a threshold scientists say can prevent the worst impacts of climate change.
One of the administration officials said with the new U.S. target, enhanced commitments from Japan and Canada, and prior targets from the European Union and Britain, countries accounting for more than half the world s economy were now committed to reductions to achieve the 1.5 degrees Celsius goal.
“When we close this summit on Friday, we will unmistakably communicate … the U.S. is back,” he said.