Washington: A research report on Monday showed that the United States is a leader in the development and use of artificial intelligence, while China is rising rapidly, while the European Union is lagging behind.
The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation’s research uses 30 separate indicators to evaluate AI, including talent, research activities, business development, and investment in hardware and software.
According to data for 2020, the United States scored 44.6 points on a 100-point scale, followed by China (32 points) and the European Union (23.3 points).
Researchers have found that the United States is in a leading position in key areas, such as investment in start-ups and R&D funding.
But China has made strides in several areas and last year had more of the world’s 500 most powerful supercomputers than any other nation — 214, compared with 113 for the US and 91 for the EU.
“The Chinese government has made AI a top priority and the results are showing,” said Daniel Castro, director of the think tank’s Center for Data Innovation and lead author of the report.
“The United States and European Union need to pay attention to what China is doing and respond, because nations that lead in the development and use of AI will shape its future and significantly improve their economic competitiveness, while those that fall behind risk losing competitiveness in key industries.”
The EU lagged notably in venture capital and private equity funding, while faring better in terms of research papers published.
The report found China published some 24,929 AI research papers in 2018, the latest year for which data was available, to 20,418 for the European Union and 16,233 for the United States.
But it said that “average US research quality is still higher than that of China and the European Union.”
The survey also concluded that the United States “is still the world leader in designing chips for AI systems.”
The report stated that in order to remain competitive, Europe needs to increase research tax incentives and expand public research institutions engaged in artificial intelligence.
In order to maintain the leading position in the United States, the United States must strengthen its support for AI research and deployment, and while attracting the world’s top talents, it must increase its efforts to cultivate AI talents in the country.