Washington: The Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) lists Pakistan as a country with nuclear materials that can be used as weapons and is the fastest growing country in terms of nuclear asset security.
In terms of nuclear material safety, the “2020 NTI Index” found that among the countries with materials in 2020, Pakistan has made the most progress. It has adopted new on-site physical protection and cyber security regulations, and improved internal threat protection measures to improve overall Score.
The improvement in Pakistan’s score on regulatory measures is the second largest improvement in regulations in the index since 2012.
Among the countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials, Pakistan is the country that has improved the most in the theft rankings, with an overall score improvement of 7 points.
Due to the adoption of new regulations, most of Pakistan’s improvements fall into the category of “security and control measures” (+25). Pakistan’s “global norms” category has also improved (+1).
Pakistan’s improvement in the “security and control measures” category is very important, because strengthened laws and regulations can continuously improve Pakistan’s score and provide sustainable security benefits.
Pakistan has steadily improved in the Security and Control Measures category over time with the passage of new regulations, improving by +8 in 2014, +2 in 2016, and +6 in 2018. Its score in 2014 improved owing to new regulations for on-site physical protection. In 2016, it passed new cybersecurity regulations. In 2018, it improved its insider threat protections. Its newest regulations mark a much larger shift. Compared with other countries’ score improvements in the Security and Control Measures category, Pakistan’s increase of +25 is the second-largest improvement of any country since the Index first launched in 2012.
NTI is a nonpartisan, nonprofit global security organization focused on reducing nuclear and biological threats imperiling humanity. Founded in 2001 by former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn and philanthropist Ted Turner, who continue to serve as co-chairs, NTI is guided by a prestigious international board of directors. Ernest J. Moniz serves as co-chair and chief executive officer; Joan Rohlfing is president and chief operating officer.