Vienna: The restoration of Iran is the US president-elect. The Biden nuclear agreement will require an amazing new agreement that stipulates how Iran’s trumpet loopholes can be reversed, said Rafael Grossi, chief of the UN atomic watchdog.
Biden took office on January 20. He once said that the United States will rejoin the agreement “if Iran resumes strict compliance”, the agreement will strictly limit its nuclear activities in exchange for sanctions.
After President Donald Trump withdrew from the transaction and reimposed US sanctions, Iran responded by violating many of the restrictions on the transaction. Tehran stated that if Washington lifted sanctions first, it could quickly reverse these steps.
In an interview with Reuters, Grossi, who heads the International Atomic Energy Agency that polices Iran s compliance, said there had been too many breaches for the agreement to simply snap back into place.
“I cannot imagine that they are going simply to say, We are back to square one because square one is no longer there,” Grossi said at IAEA headquarters.
“It is clear that there will have to be a protocol or an agreement or an understanding or some ancillary document which will stipulate clearly what we do,” he said.
“There is more (nuclear) material, … there is more activity, there are more centrifuges, and more are being announced. So what happens with all this? This is the question for them at the political level to decide.”
Iran’s enriched uranium stocks exceed 2.4 tons, which is 12 times the upper limit set by the transaction, but still far below the eight tons that Iran had before signing the agreement. Iran has been enriching uranium with a purity of up to 4.5%, which is higher than the upper limit of 3.67% of the agreement, but lower than the 20% before the agreement was reached.
Iran is enriching uranium in places where it is not allowed under the deal, such as at Fordow, a site dug into a mountain. More recently it has started enriching with advanced centrifuges at its underground plant at Natanz, where the deal says it can use only first-generation IR-1 machines.
“What I see is that we re moving full circle back to December 2015,” Grossi said, referring to the month before the deal s restrictions were put in place, after which large amounts of material and equipment were swiftly removed.
“If they want to do it (comply), they could do it pretty fast. But for all of those things we had a charted course,” he said.