Washington: According to two people familiar with the matter, the state attorney general is planning to file a third lawsuit against Alphabet Inc.’s Google, which focuses on the search and advertising giant’s Android phone Play Store.
The lawsuit is expected to be filed in February or March, the sources said, and it would follow complaints about Google’s management of its Play Store even though the company was originally seen as more open about its app store than Apple Inc.
Including a U.S. Justice Department lawsuit filed against Google in October, the possible new action would be the fourth government lawsuit brought against the Silicon Valley company since late 2020. All allege that Google abused its dominance of the internet search business or otherwise broke antitrust law.
Google bans applications that contain objectionable content in its store, and further requires certain applications to use the company’s payment tools and pay Google 30% of its revenue.
These and related policies have triggered criticism from app developers, especially when Google said last year that it would increase enforcement. Google’s Play Store is more widely used than similar products from Amazon.com Inc., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. and other companies.
One of the sources said that the investigation will be led by the attorneys general of Utah, North Carolina and New York, and other states are expected to join.
Asked to comment on the possible new legal action, Google said in a statement that its Android mobile operating system has allowed users access to multiple app stores, which means that developers have options.
“Most Android devices ship with at least two app stores preinstalled, and consumers are able to install additional app stores,” Sameer Samat, vice president of Android and Google Play, said in a statement.
“This openness means that even if a developer and Google do not agree on business terms the developer can still distribute on the Android platform,” he said.
Video game maker Epic Games Inc sued Google and Apple separately in U.S. district court in August, accusing the companies of using their dominance to charge app developers an “exorbitant” fee of 30% on sales and of imposing other restrictions.
Apple, whose app store does not directly compete with Google’s because it is not compatible with Android devices, is under Justice Department investigation for its policies.
After more than a year of investigations into the four major tech platforms, including Facebook Inc, Amazon and Apple, the Justice Department was first out of the gate with a lawsuit against Google focused on its search business and search advertising.
In addition, two groups of state attorneys general filed lawsuits last year, one led by Texas and focused on advertising. The other targeted Google’s alleged efforts to extend its dominance in search to newer markets, like voice assistants.