EU will hold Iran nuclear talks next month to save deal 1

EU will hold Iran nuclear talks next month to save deal

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Brussels: on Friday, Brussels offered to fight for more time to save Iran’s nuclear deal, by convening a meeting next month after the UK, France, and Germany initiated litigation.

After Tehran had taken a series of steps out of its promise, European capitals launched a complaint mechanism last week to protest against the US’s withdrawal from the 2018 agreement.

This could have shortened the duration of the deal, but EU Foreign Minister Josep Borrell was called up for new talks.

Borel said he has consulted with countries that are still trading, including Russia and China. All of these countries are determined to save the agreement.

The Iranian nuclear deal has collapsed since President Donald Trump’s unilateral withdrawal and sanctions against Tehran, forcing the Islamic Republic to take a series of steps that deviate from its promises.

“Although there are differences in approach, people agree that more time is needed because of the complexity of the issues involved. The timeline has therefore been extended,” Borel said in a statement.

“Everyone agrees to an expert discussion to address concerns about nuclear implementation and the wider impact of the US withdrawal from JCPOA and the re-imposition of sanctions.”

JCPOA is an abbreviation for the formal name of the transaction, “Joint Comprehensive Action Plan”.

Borel said the so-called mixed commission, consisting of representatives of all countries involved to follow the transaction, will meet in February, although he has not given an exact date.

It usually comes together in Vienna, although it can also meet in New York or Geneva.

Under the terms of the dispute settlement mechanism, senior officials have 15 days to find a solution to activate the complaint mechanism on January 14, before deciding whether to escalate the issue to the level of Foreign Minister.

By holding a meeting in February, Borrell extended his original schedule, intended to resolve technical complaints, not a slow political collapse of the agreement.

European officials say they plan to include a certain amount of creative ambiguity in the text to make room for maneuver in the crisis. It now appears that the dispute process can be extended for a considerable period.

When they put the mechanism into operation, Europeans urged Iran to resume its obligations under the 2015 agreement, releasing Tehran from sanctions in exchange for curbing its nuclear program to prevent it from developing nuclear weapons.

But privately, diplomats have realized that it is very unlikely that Iran will do this without substantial concessions, such as ending US sanctions or European measures to offset its economic impact.

Conversely, if negotiations try to convince Iran not to take further steps to satisfy them, then reverse diplomacy can be pursued with a view to an agreement to return Washington and Tehran to the battlefield.

A diplomat said: “We want to make a circle and find a solution so that we can enter a stable place that does not get worse.”

“It is possible to reach an informal agreement on disability.”

Following repeated warnings, Germany, the United Kingdom and France initiated a dispute procedure on January 14, after Iran announced that it would no longer meet the number of centrifuges used to enrich uranium, which is the fifth step in the transaction.

But crucial is that Iran has said it will continue to work with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which will carry out detailed inspections locally.

A Western diplomat said that “maintaining this position is crucial” for Europeans.

The diplomat said, “The IAEA still has ample opportunity, which gives us peace of mind about what Iranians are doing. The Agency’s access, verification and monitoring gives us confidence that we will know if the nature of Iran’s activities is changing.”

Europeans are now trying to re-integrate Iran into society instead of re-imposing sanctions. They are well aware that if Iran enters the next phase, they can lose control of the dispute process – inform the UN Security Council.

If this happens, UN sanctions automatically “snap back” after 30 days unless the Security Council votes to stop them — and here the US would be able to wield its veto.

“They ve broken the limits, we re watching. A bomb is not around the corner but we don t want to get to that,” a diplomat said.

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